Hi everyone, today we’ll see how to automatize every new functionality that we’ll build in our little ionic app to the Google Play.
Firstly, we’ll install all the dependencies on the server where’s Jenkins.
sudo npm install -g ionic@beta
Here I use the beta version of ionic (to use angular 2 =D), so you can remove the @beta if you’re on a v1 project.
sudo npm install -g cordova
Here, it will depend on your linux distribution. I’m using Archlinux, so a simple command with pacman and everything is installed.
sudo pacman install oracle-jdk
For Ubuntu users, I invite you to read this article.
Android SDK installation
You have to install the 22 version of the android API (why? I don’t have a god damn clue). For that, launch the Android SDK manager and choose to install the 22 API version.
If you’re not using your server with only a terminal, you can use the android sdk manager visually using this command:
To sign our android application, we’ll need to create a keystore that we’ll use to sign our application.
To create it, run this command:
keytool -genkey -v -keystore thenameofyourkeystore.keystore -alias alias_name -keyalg RSA -keysize 2048 -validity 10000
The command should ask you a password to protect your keystore, keep it in mind because we’ll need it to configure the next jenkins build.
To continue, you’ll need this plugins:
Project configuration on the Google Developers Console
You have to configure the Google Developers Console to create specific credentials for jenkins. These credentials will allow jenkins to push remotely your APK to the Google Play.
In the Google Play Console Developer -> Settings -> API Credentials -> Services Account -> Create a service account -> Display in the Google Developers Console -> Use p12 -> Download p12
Now let’s add our p12 key to Jenkins:
In Jenkins -> Settings -> Credentials -> Add Credentials -> Add Play Store Credentials -> Put your p12 key
Jenkins job creation
Environmnent variable definition
In the first section, choose “This build is parametrized”, “Add Parameter”, “String Parameter”
- Name : STORE_PASSWORD
- Default value: The password use to create your keystore.
Let’s add a second variable of the same type:
- Name: PATH_TO_KEYSTORE
- Default value: The path you saved your keystore.
Source Code Management
To detect each release made for our application, we’ll need to use a simple pattern with the versionning tool you’re using.
Firstly, never commit on the master branch. This branch will be only used to merge our work from other branches and will be used to define releases of the application. Create a new branch called dev that we’ll use to commit each modification of the code application.
If it’s not clear, let’s make a use case: I commit multiple times on my “dev” branch until my new feature is available. I want to send this new features straight after coding it to users (so pushing it to the Google Play store). I modify the version inside the config.xml file in my project root incrementing the version number. I commit with a comment like “Release v0.0.4”. I tag my branch with the release version number. I push everything on the dev remote branch. I checkout to the master local branch. I merge dev into master. I push master. Jenkins detects a change on the master branch, it polls the code, build the apk, sign it, and push it the Google Play.
Let’s go back to Jenkins
In the Source Code Management, choose your versionning software, add the project url repository (something like email@example.com:juanwolf/blogapp.git) and define the credentials to access to it (username, password or ssh key)
In the “branches to build” section, add: “*/master”. Jenkins will then use the sources pushed into the remote branch called master. If you want a specific build for development environment, make it exactly the same but precise the */dev branch. (I think you add already understood =) )
In the section “Build Triggers”, in Poll SCM, add
*/5 * * * *
This is a cron, We say to Jenkins to check if there’s changes every 5 minutes.
Building the release APK
Let’s add our APK building script
Pushing the APK to the Google Play
Add a Post build action to your build “Upload Android APK to Google Play”.
In Google Play Account, select the credentials you created with your p12 key. Inside APK files add the:
In the release track, put production (or beta or alpha, it depends what you want to deploy)
In Recent Changes, well I’m a bit stuck with this part, I would love to generate this message from a file (from a changelog for example) but I don’t know how to do that, so if you did I will love that you tell how the hell you’ve made that!!!. For the moment, I added a static message like New content added please check this file to see what’s new.
Et voilà ! Our jenkins job will deploy every changes on the master branch directly on the Google Play. You can also add step into the building script to run tests or to create reports on the app, etc… Sur ce, codez bien. Ciao !